If you have no clue about what is CBD, then you’re in for an awesome ride! CBD, short for cannabidiol, is the most trending natural ingredient in the beauty industry recently. And it’s now the focus of a new area of cannabis research.
What is CBD?
CBD is one of many cannabinoids, or molecules produced uniquely by the cannabis family. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the primary psychoactive element in marijuana, cannabis is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn’t have a strong effect on cognitive brain activity and doesn’t cause the ‘high’ usually associated with marijuana.
Including hemp, every variety of the cannabis family produces cannabinoids, including hemp. While CBD and THC are the most well-known cannabinoids, there are many different types. Some still need to be identified because only recently have significant resources been poured into its study.
How does CBD work?
CBD (and THC) work by interacting with our body’s endocannabinoid system, a regulatory system made up of naturally occurring cannabis-like molecules. These endocannabinoids, as they are called, work like neurotransmitters, shuttling messages through the body to maintain homeostasis. CB1 and CB2 are two specific receptors in our brains designed to accept cannabinoids. CB1 receptors are mainly present in the brain and are involved in functions like cognition, memory, motor skills, and pain.
These receptors are also present in the peripheral nervous system, liver, thyroid, uterus and more. THC attaches itself to these receptors, obstructing the release of neurotransmitters and possibly increasing the release of others, changing the way they normally function.
Researchers once assumed that cannabis did the same thing, but with CB2 receptors – which are in abundance in the immune and gastrointestinal systems, as well as the brain and nervous system, they no longer believe this to be the truth. Although the exact effects of CBD on our bodies is still unknown, scientists think cannabis encourages the body to produce more of its own endocannabinoids, which may help reduce anxiety, pain and inflammation.
What is CBD good for?
The only CBD medication that is currently FDA-approved is Epidiolex, which the agency approved last year for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy. But many people swear that CBD has helped them with a variety of other health conditions, including back pain, osteoarthritis and even cancer.
Houman Danesh, MD, director of integrative pain management for the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City says, “My practice has patients walking in every day asking about cannabis.” But while there is a lot of subjective evidence, he says, “it is still very difficult to say” what the real benefits are due to a serious dearth of research. “Right now, you just have pharmacies trying to make some sort of sense out of it and say, ‘Yes, it works for so and so’, he says, “but that’s not the way medicine works – it is always based on evidence, and right now there’s not a lot of substantial evidence to support these claims.”
Is CBD legal?
The Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (aka the Farm Bill) changed the whole cannabis scenario. The Farm Bill legalized ‘hemp’, which the legislation defined as cannabis that contains no more than 0.3% THC, nationwide. Cannabis that contains higher levels of THC is now listed as ‘marijuana’ and remains a Schedule I drug.
In other words, if a CBD product comes from a hemp plant, it’s legal. But if it comes from a marijuana plant, it’s federally illegal, despite local laws. And even if it does come from a hemp plant, it’s federally illegal, despite local laws. If it does come from a hemp plant, there’s often no guarantee it won’t contain THC, thanks to things like cross-pollination and the absence of industry regulation. The FDA is currently trying to figure out how to regulate CBD, which now falls under their purview.
How is CBD used?
CBD is available in a variety of forms. Some of the most common CBD delivery methods are listed below, but how it is ultimately used depends on the personal needs and preferences. The delivery method of CBD affects how quickly it works and what kinds of effects it has on our body. Edibles are a broad range of products to eat or drink, like gummies or chocolates. Oils and tinctures are processed and concentrated forms of cannabis that are often placed under the tongue using a dropper and absorbed into the bloodstream. Pills and capsules are ingested orally and look similar to the vitamins and/or drugs you’d find in a drugstore.
Topicals are CBD-infused oils, creams, and lotions and are intended to be used directly on skin, hair or nails. Vaping like e-cigarettes involves inhaling a vaporized liquid that contains CBD oil. Shop from our variety of safe-to-use hemp products – including topicals, tinctures, and softgels. Head on over to At Nass Valley Gardens, we’re dedicated to distributing high-quality and innovative products. We value our customers’ needs and are determined to provide unparalleled customer service to each and every person we serve.
Risks of CBD
2017 WHO report found that CBD, in its pure state, is safe, well-tolerated by humans and animals, and not likely to cause physical dependence or abuse.
Still, there are a few risks associated with taking cannabis that you should know about:
- Side effects such as dry mouth, low blood pressure, lightheadedness and drowsiness have been reported, according to the NIH, as has signs of liver injury, though the latter is less common.
- CBD’s classification as a Schedule I drug severely limits the amount of studies researchers can conduct on the compound. What does exist is promising, but there are still a lot of unknowns around what conditions CBD could help treat and its required dosage.
- Since there are no standards in place for producing, testing or labeling CBD products, it makes any type of federal oversight or quality control impossible.
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Recommended Read: Is CBD Oil Safe And Effective?