In recent years, Cannabis Sativa has gained increased attention all over the world. Recent studies on Full-Spectrum Vs Broad-Spectrum CBD have found medical benefits from the plant’s extractions which hold the power to be used as treatments for various ailments and medical conditions.
Not all CBD is created equal and with so many different types of CBD on the market, it can be helpful to know how your CBD products are made. Full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolate are the three most common types of CBD, and they’re each created differently.
If you’re not sure which type is best for you and your requirements, we will take you through the extraction process, concerns about drug testing, the entourage effect, and the benefits of full-spectrum CBD vs. broad-spectrum CBD. Once you go through it, you’ll be ready to make an informed decision before you shop for your own CBD product.
The Extraction Process
CBD is one of the most abundant, naturally-occurring compounds in the hemp and cannabis plants. Unlike the THC compound, CBD is non-intoxicating, meaning it won’t give you the ‘high’ effect typically associated with consuming marijuana.
While THS is still illegal in many states, CBD products that contain less than 0.3% THC are federally legal and nationally available. Extraction is the process that turns the whole hemp plant into a CBD product, whether that’s CBD oil, topicals, tinctures, sun-lingual sprays, and more.
Concerned about the effect of CBD on drug tests?
Although it’s a rare occurrence, there are emerging reports of people failing drug tests after consistently using CBD products.
A 2017 study showed that 70% of the CBD products that the researchers tested were mislabeled. It’s possible that the CBD user who failed drug tests were unknowingly consuming small amounts of THC that were not listed on product labels. Or, if there were consistently using full-spectrum products, the trace amounts of THC accumulated over time may have caused them to fail the test.
But if passing a drug test is a priority for you, CBD isolate would be your safest bet. So it is always a good idea to confirm with the brand you’re buying from that the product they’re selling is 99% pure CBD so that you ensure you aren’t consuming even trace amounts of THC. Ask to see lab reports for isolated products and a reputable brand should be happy to share them with you.
The Entourage Effect
Despite the complicated name, the entourage effect is fairly easy to understand. It refers to the synergy achieved by all the components in cannabis. These components work together to enrich the potential benefits of the plant. Each compound can strengthen the therapeutic properties of the others while easing their potential side effects.
Some additional cannabinoids included in full-spectrum extracts are:
- Cannabinol (CBN)
- Cannabichromene (CBC)
- Cannabigerol (CBG)
- Cannabidiol acid (CBDA)
- Cannabidivarin (CBDV)
Because of the benefits of the entire plant, full-spectrum CBD products are priced higher than their broad-spectrum counterparts or CBD isolate. It’s also more challenging for manufacturers to maintain consistent ratios when using a full-spectrum extract, raising the overall costs of these oils.
In a study conducted by the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem in 2015, scientists concluded that the full-spectrum of cannabinoids provided better effects with higher doses, as compared to the effects of isolated CBD maintained consistent with increased intake.
Difference between Full-Spectrum Vs Broad-Spectrum CBD
Let’s discuss the meaning of these two cannabis spectrums.
If an extract is full-spectrum, it means that it contains all phytochemicals naturally found in the plant, including CBD, trace cannabinoids, terpenes and essential oils. Dull-spectrum extracts from hemp also come with a negligible THC content – below 0.3%.
The full-spectrum of active compounds extracted from hemp work together to amplify the health benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This phenomenon is referred to as the entourage effect. We’ll talk about that in detail later.
Although non-psychoactive, full-spectrum CBD can give you a false positive during a drug test, especially if you consume high doses of CBD oil daily. Sometimes referred to as whole plant CBD, full-spectrum will contain trace amounts of THC, but not enough to get you ‘high’.
In order to be considered full-spectrum, CBD oils must contain THC since it’s one of the most active naturally-occurring phytochemicals in hemp plants. Full-spectrum CBD is also the most natural form of CBD that contains terpenes and flavonoids for additional health benefits. Full-spectrum CBD carries the natural flavor and aroma of hemp, which is pretty strong and it is also the least processed form of CBD.
Full-spectrum is best for:
- CBD users who want to benefit from the trace amounts of THC in their extracts
- Individuals with more severe symptoms that CBD isolate and broad-spectrum products fail to help with
- Individuals living in states with a legal cannabis market
Broad – Spectrum CBD
Broad-spectrum CBD is the middle route between isolate and full-spectrum CBD. It begins as a full-spectrum oil, with the full range of beneficial cannabinoids and terpenes, but it then goes through a refinement process to remove all THC compounds.
This means that broad-spectrum CBD contains cannabidiol and all the other compounds within the plant, except for THC, which is completely removed after initial extraction. Because broad-spectrum extracts contain many cannabinoids, they also produce the ‘entourage effect’, but without the THC.
It’s like a mix between full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolate. The cons of broad-spectrum CBD is that it is less researched and in low availability as compared to full-spectrum or isolates. It may also carry a strong, natural hemp flavor in Nass Valley Gardens.
Broad-spectrum works best for:
- CBD users with conditions that the isolate alone can’t help with
- Individuals sensitive to THC
- Individuals living in places with harsh THC regulations
- First-time CBD users afraid of THC
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Recommended Read: 5 Ways To Incorporate CBD In Your Daily routine.